The Limes, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Altmühltal Nature Park
The Altmühltal Nature Park is crossed by the upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes, the ancient border line between the Roman Empire and the barbarian Germanic world that has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In the Altmühltal Nature Park you can gain insight into the Roman transalpine civilization by visiting the remains of impressive encampments (castra), unearthed baths, rebuilt watch towers, treasures with rare finds and interactive museums.
Around 15 B.C. the Romans began expanding north of the Alps and established the province of Raethia on the newly conquered territories. Its capital was Augusta Vindelicum, today’s Augsburg. At the end of the 1st century (under emperor Domitian) the Romans pushed ahead in the region. As they needed to protect themselves against Germanic attacks, they began building separate watch towers along the border line (Limes), and later fortified it entirely. The rectilinear “route” of this wall (initially made of wood and then of stone) still can be detected in many places. Today the Limes is one of the largest archaeological monuments in the world.